Vegetation Measurement and Monitoring

11.2 Additional Learning Resources

For further reading and learning materials on vegetation inventory and monitoring topics, explore the following material:


Reading Resources

The following reading materials discuss general and in-depth monitoring concepts and practices. Click the link to read the following materials.

 
Measuring and Monitoring Plant Populations

Elzinga, C.L., D.W. Salzer and J.W. Willoughby. 1998. Measuring and Monitoring Plant Populations. Technical Reference 1730-1. Bureau of Land Management. Denver, Colorado. USDI, BLM

 
Utilization Studies and Residual Measurements

Coulloudon, B., K. Eshelman, J. Gianola, N. Habrich, L. Hughes, et al. 1996. Utilization Studies and Residual Measurements. Technical Reference 1734-3. Bureau of Land Management. Denver, Colorado. USDI, BLM

 
Sampling Vegetation Attributes

Coulloudon, B., K. Eshelman, J. Gianola, N. Habrich, L. Hughes, et al. 1996. Sampling Vegetation Attributes. Technical Reference 1734-4. Bureau of Land Management. Denver, Colorado. USDI, BLM

 
Stubble Height and Utilization Measurements: Uses and Misuses

Heitschmidt, R., et al. 1998. Stubble Height and Utilization Measurements: Uses and Misuses. Station Bulletin 682-E. Oregon State University-Agricultural Extension Service.

 
Evaluating Zones of Utilization

Anderson, E.W., and W.F. Currier. 1973. Evaluating Zones of Utilization. Journal of Range Management. 26: 87-91.

 
Measurements for Terrestrial Vegetation

Bonham, C.D. 1989. Measurements for terrestrial vegetation. John Wiley & Son, New York, NY. pp 49-88.

 
Range Research: Basic Problems and Techniques

Cook, C.W., and J. Stubbendieck. (eds). 1986. Range research: Basic problems and techniques. Society for Range Management, Denver, CO. pp 120-132.


Photo Guides

The Grazed-Class Method to Estimate Forage Utilization on Transitory Forest Rangelands

Kingery, J.L., C. Boyd, and P.E. Kingery. 1992. The Grazed-Class Method to Estimate Forage Utilization on Transitory Forest Rangelands. Station Bulletin 54. University of Idaho, College of Forestry, Wildlife and Range Science

 
A Photographic Utilization Guide for Key Riparian Graminoids

Kinney, J.W., and W.P. Clary. 1994. A Photographic Utilization Guide for Key Riparian Graminoids. Report INT-GTR-308. United States Department of Agriculture-Forest Service.

 
Forage Use: a Tool for Planning Range Management

Lacey, J.R., and W.P. Volk. 1988. Forage Use: a Tool for Planning Range Management. Montana State University Extension Service.

 
Estimating Range Use with Grazed-class Photo Guides

Schmutz, E.M. 1978. Estimating Range Use with Grazed-class Photo Guides. Bulletin A-73. University of Arizona Cooperative Extension Service and Agricultural Experiment Station.


Web Resources

The University of Arizona-Rangelands West provides an excellent online resource with information about Rangeland Inventory, Monitoring, and Evaluation and specifically about Methods to Determine Utilization under the Management Applications chapter, Utilization section.

 
The LandscapeToolbox is a useful site for finding tools and methods for effective rangeland management, such as Utilization-Grazed Class Method (photo methods),  Utilization-Woody Species Use, Utilization-Key Species Method, and Landscape Appearance Method.

 
The USDA-NRCS (2006) National Range and Pasture Handbook provides information on methods of conducting biomass and dry-weight conversion tables.


Video Resources

The following videos discuss concepts and techniques of measuring utilization. Click the links to watch the videos.

 
Estimating Utilization of Forage: Drs. Patricia Johnson and Roger Gates, South Dakota State University

 
Rangeland Utilization Monitoring- a Ranchers’ Perspective: USDA-NRCS Montana